FABRIC FACE MASKS
At this time of need there have been calls for home sewers to help fill the lack of manufactured N95 respirator masks in the medical field by sewing and donating hand sewn face masks.
ARE FABRIC MASKS EFFECTIVE?
We recognize that there have been conflicting information as to whether fabric face masks are effective. Below are some study results on the matter, but in general it is understood that although only N95 masks can prevent the spread of COVID-19, fabric face masks can be used to help prolong existing N95s and surgical masks by preventing them from soiling, be used by the general public and those already with respiratory problems, and are a viable alternative to N95 masks when respiratory masks are unavailable. Fabric masks can also help fill the void of standard/disposable masks that are on long back-orders, due to both demand and supply chain issues.
- “The only mask that the CDC considers safe from you getting the coronavirus, the only way to actually prevent you from inhaling it, is the N95 mask,” (UT, 3/23/20)
- “Facemasks are an acceptable alternative when the supply chain of respirators cannot meet the demand,” the CDC said in a statement that is expected to unsettle health care workers who have been trained to use the more protective gear during contagions.” (WP, 3/10/20)
- “Patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 should wear a face mask until they are isolated in a hospital or at home.” (UT, 3/23/20)
- “Among the general public, persons with respiratory symptoms or those caring for COVID-19 patients at home should receive medical masks.” (WHO 2/27/20)
We at the Center will assist in the matter with providing as much updated information and materials that we can to help with the creation of home sewn face masks.
HOW YOU CAN HELP RIGHT NOW
- If you have any extra non-used N95 masks please donate to your local hospital, health organization, or the Sonoma Community Center as soon as possible.
- If you have the ability to sew masks from home, please continue reading for patterns and instructions.
- Can’t sew but still want to help. We are looking for people to help pick-up and deliver masks to specified locations. Email with a message of interest.
The Sonoma Community Center will be accepting all face mask donations (Non-used N95 respirators and fabric face masks) Monday -Friday between 10am-4pm starting Wednesday, March 25th. Please seal mask donations in a ziplock plastic bag and drop off the donation in the designated location off of the Center’s parking lot at the back of the building. Donations will be provided to local hospitals and as well as other local health organizations.
Cotton fabrics and elastic straps will be available for curbside pick-up in the parking lot of the Sonoma Community Center Wednesday, March 25th from 1-2pm while supplies last for those needing extra material or elastic.
Additionally, anyone with extra elastic, 100% cotton fabric, or thread to donate can also drop-off these materials at this time.
Until one pattern is deemed most appropriate, below are some designs that have been reviewed and approved by medical professionals.
Providence St. Joseph Health Face Mask Kit. Video available; uses ties.
“We Can Sew It” Mask Uses ties not earloops.
Properfit Clothing Co. 2.5 PM Surgical Mask Sewing Instructions Video includes removable filter, plus the general design includes multiple fabric layers.
Deaconess Health Mask Video tutorial
Phoebe Health Mask. This design works especially well as a protective cover for the duckbill shape of some N95 masks; please ensure fit. Non-latex elastic or adopt ties for behind the head.
How to Make a Face Mask Will only be useful to clinical settings if worn over existing PPE as designed.
*A note when making masks to specifically cover and protect N95 and other PPE:
- Lighter colors are better because they make it easier to see soiling.
- Use no more than 2 layers for this as no filtration is needed – the goal is protection from soiling, only.
- Ensure coverage if using over an N95 (these come in several sizes and from different manufacturers).
- Fit is important, and ties that go around the back of the head are preferred.
- No latex should be used in designs for clinical settings – do not use elastic.
- Using different colors on the front (outside facing; lighter is better) and back (inside facing) part of the mask is ideal so that the sides can easily be recognized.
WORST CASE MASK EXPECTATIONS:
- World Health Organization: “89 million medical masks will be required for the COVID-19 response” (each month, globally) (CNBC, 3/4/20) (WHO 3/3/20)
“The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says the best way to prevent illness is by avoiding exposure to the virus. It advises, above all else, for people to avoid person-to-person contact and practice social distancing, avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth, cover coughs and sneezes with tissue or the inside of the elbow, and to frequently and thoroughly wash hands for at least 20 seconds.” (UT, 3/23/20)
For more Fiber Dept & Philanthropy information email or call 707-938-4626 x3.